Docker Bench for Security
The Docker Bench for Security is a script that checks for dozens of common best-practices around deploying Docker containers in production. The tests are all automated, and are inspired by the CIS Docker Community Edition Benchmark v1.1.0. We are releasing this as a follow-up to our Understanding Docker Security and Best Practices blog post.
We are making this available as an open-source utility so the Docker community can have an easy way to self-assess their hosts and docker containers against this benchmark.
Running Docker Bench for Security
We packaged docker bench as a small container for your convenience. Note that this container is being run with a lot of privilege -- sharing the host's filesystem, pid and network namespaces, due to portions of the benchmark applying to the running host. Don't forget to adjust the shared volumes according to your operating system, for example it might not use systemd.
The easiest way to run your hosts against the Docker Bench for Security is by running our pre-built container:
docker run -it --net host --pid host --userns host --cap-add audit_control \ -e DOCKER_CONTENT_TRUST=$DOCKER_CONTENT_TRUST \ -v /var/lib:/var/lib \ -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock \ -v /usr/lib/systemd:/usr/lib/systemd \ -v /etc:/etc --label docker_bench_security \ docker/docker-bench-security
Docker bench requires Docker 1.13.0 or later in order to run.
Note that when distributions doesn't contain
auditctl, the audit tests will
/etc/audit/audit.rules to see if a rule is present instead.
Distribution specific Dockerfiles that fixes this issue are available in the distros directory.
The distribution specific Dockerfiles may also help if the distribution you're using haven't yet shipped Docker version 1.13.0 or later.
Docker Bench for Security options
-h optional Print this help message -l FILE optional Log output in FILE -c CHECK optional Comma delimited list of specific check(s) -e CHECK optional Comma delimited list of specific check(s) to exclude -x EXCLUDE optional Comma delimited list of patterns within a container name to exclude from check
By default the Docker Bench for Security script will run all available CIS tests
and produce logs in the current directory named
The CIS based checks are named
and community contributed checks are named
A complete list of checks are present in functions_lib.sh.
sh docker-bench-security.sh -l /tmp/docker-bench-security.sh.log -c check_2_2
Note that when submitting checks, provide information why it is a reasonable test to add and please include some kind of official documentation verifying that information.
Building Docker Bench for Security
If you wish to build and run this container yourself, you can follow the following steps:
git clone https://github.com/docker/docker-bench-security.git cd docker-bench-security docker build -t docker-bench-security . docker run -it --net host --pid host --cap-add audit_control \ -e DOCKER_CONTENT_TRUST=$DOCKER_CONTENT_TRUST \ -v /var/lib:/var/lib \ -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock \ -v /usr/lib/systemd:/usr/lib/systemd \ -v /etc:/etc --label docker_bench_security \ docker-bench-security
or use Docker Compose:
git clone https://github.com/docker/docker-bench-security.git cd docker-bench-security docker-compose run --rm docker-bench-security
Also, this script can also be simply run from your base host by running:
git clone https://github.com/docker/docker-bench-security.git cd docker-bench-security sudo sh docker-bench-security.sh
This script was built to be POSIX 2004 compliant, so it should be portable across any Unix platform.